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TCC Library: Quoting, paraphrasing, or summarizing

Library "How do I...?"

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Guidelines for quoting, paraphrasing, and summarizing

When you write a paper, you’ll synthesize information from a variety of sources. At times, you'll either directly quote it, summarize it, or paraphrase it.

In all of these situations, you should cite your sources!

  • When you quote a source, you use the author’s words exactly, and indicate that with quotation marks.
  • When you paraphrase a source, you put it into your own words. This does not mean changing a few words by inserting synonyms; it means integrating the meaning of the original passage into your writing.
  • When you summarize a source, you significantly condense the ideas in the original source — without adding your own interpretation or analysis.

For more information about quoting, paraphrasing, and summarizing, visit the following sources:

Library "How do I?" credits

The TCC Library "How do I?" guide is adapted from the Library DIY project created by Meredith Farkas, Amy Hofer, Lisa Molinelli and Kimberly Willson-St. Clair at Portland State University Library. Several Library "How Do I?" pages are adapted from pages within the Portland Community College Library "How do I" project, as well as the Oregon State University Libraries' Library DIY project.

CC BY SA license

Except where otherwise noted, the content in these guides by Tacoma Community College Library is licensed under CC BY SA 4.0.
This openly licensed content allows others to cite, share, or modify this content, with credit to TCC Library. When reusing or adapting this content, include this statement in the new document: This content was originally created by Tacoma Community College Library and shared with a CC BY SA 4.0 license.

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