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Did you know? NEW APA 7th edition

The new 7th edition of the APA Publication Manual is here!

What does that mean for you?
  • TCC’s Library and Writing & Tutoring Center encourage you and your instructors to keep working with APA 6 through Winter quarter.
  • The Library and Writing & Tutoring center will be transitioning to support APA 7 during Winter 2020, with full support starting in Spring 2020.
  • Explore the tabs in this box for quick info about some of the changes (check back: more will be added weekly through Winter 2020).
  • Visit the Research Desk in the Library and the Writing and Tutoring Center for all citation help, including APA 7.
  • For APA 6 there were several rules about when and how to list multiple authors in an in-text citation. It’s easier now:
  • 2 authors: List them both each time you cite that source;
  • More than 2 authors: Every time you cite that source list the first author’s name, then use et al. to indicate there are others.
  • Example:

the in-text citation:

Your TCC Librarians and the Director of the Writing and Tutoring Center encourage you (and your instructors) to use APA 6 through Winter 2020. If you already know APA 6, it would not hurt their feelings if you kept using it through Spring 2020 as well, especially if it means you will be devoting that energy to your researching and writing skills (Urschel et al., 2020).​

the References citation:

Urschel, H., Adams, M. K., Cmiel, S., Williams, R., Gillanders, H., & Snoek-Brown, J. (2020). Citing sources: APA (American Psychological Association). TCC Library Research Guides.

  • Similar to the in-text citation guidelines for APA 7 (see tab), citing multiple authors in a References citation now has fewer rules:
  • When a work has up to 20 authors, list them all in the References citation (yes, that’s a lot of authors, but fewer rules to follow).
  • More than 21 authors? List the first 19, follow with an ellipsis..., and then list the last author listed on the article. Example:

Wiskunde, B., Arslan, M., Fischer, P., Nowak, L., Van den Berg, O., Coetzee, L., Juárez, U., Riyaziyyat, E., Wang, C., Zhang, I., Li, P., Yang, R., Kumar, B., Xu, A., Martinez, R., McIntosh, V., Ibáñez, L. M., Mäkinen, G., Virtanen, E., . . . Kovács, A. (2019). Indie pop rocks mathematics: The unicorn and the empty set. Imaginary Journal of Improbable Mathematics27(1), 1935–1968.

  • APA 6 indicated that we should make an in-text citation for each entire Website we refer to in our papers, and also provide a References page citation for them.
  • For APA 7, after to referring to an entire Website in your paper, provide its homepage URL in parentheses immediately after as an active link. You may omit it from your list of References.
  • Example from an HD 101 student's Student Success Plan paper:

In addition to consulting with TCC Research Librarians and the Writing and Tutoring Center, my student success plan will include bookmarking and using the Purdue OWL ( which is a valuable resource for writing and research help, and for citation support.

(If you are referring to a single page from a Website, or a document you retrieved from a Website, cite as you would any article, both in-text, and as an entry in your References page.)

  • For a Webpage citation, APA 6 directed us to type “Retrieved from” just before the Webpage URL.
  • For APA 7 we eliminate the “Retrieved from” and get right on with the URL (activated as a hyperlink):
  • Example:

TCC Librarians. (2020). Citing sources. TCC Library website:

  • (If  information on a Webpage is likely to be unstable [it might disappear or, in the case of the example belowchange content frequently], APA 7 still advises us to include a date of retrieval)

Centers for Disease Control. (2020). Coronavirus. Retrieved January 22, 2020 from

There are a lot more rules... sorry:

General summary for electronic (non-print) sources and the inclusion of retrieval information (DOIs and URLs):

  • If there is a DOI, use the DOI (DOIs are only used for scholarly journal articles).
  • If there is no DOI (either you can't find one, or the source is an e-book, magazine article, or newspaper article), do nothing. Do not substitute with a library database URL, for example.
  • If there is no DOI, BUT the source is available in full text, free of charge on on the Web (not a library database), you can replace the DOI with the document's URL (web address).
  • However, as a student, your instructor might prefer it if you use a library database URL because it makes their job easier.
  • Always ask your instructor if they have any unique course-specific citation rules they would like you to follow.

If you do not know what a DOI is, and/or the above doesn't make much sense to you, please see the link below.

  • A “running head” is a shortened version of your paper’s title, appearing in the header space of your paper.
  • APA 6 required us to include a running head on each page, and on the cover page, precede the running head with the words: “Running head:”
  • New APA 7: for student papers, no running head is required AT ALL – just page numbers. (For professional papers, omit the words “Running head:” from the cover page.)
  • See the link below

The APA is ignoring grammar conventions in favor of reducing bias and gender-binary assumption. APA 7 endorses the use of they/them when the gender of a person is unknown or, as is most common, irrelevant.

This is directly from the APA:

  • Writers should use the singular “they” in two main cases: (a) when referring to a generic person whose gender is unknown or irrelevant to the context and (b) when referring to a specific, known person who uses “they” as their pronoun.
  • When referring to a generic person whose gender is unknown or irrelevant to the context, use the singular “they” as the pronoun. For example, if you use nouns like “person,” “individual,” or “everyone” or phrases like “every teacher” or “each nurse” in a sentence, use the appropriate form of the pronoun “they” [rather than she/he] as needed.
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Library Lunchtime Lectures, 2018-19

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Library hours

Winter quarter library hours  for Thursday, January 2nd - Friday, March 20th, 2020:TCC Library logo, reading: The library at TCC, The Teaching Library
  • Monday - Thursday: 7:15 am - 8:00 pm
  • Friday: 7:15 am - 5 pm
  • Saturday: 10:00 am - 5:00 pm
  • Sunday: Closed

Closures & special hours: 

The library will be closed on the following dates:

  • Monday, January 20th, for Martin Luther King Jr. Day
  • Monday, February 17th, for Presidents' Day
  • The library will close at 5:00 pm on Friday, March 20th

For the library phone number, see the "Need help now?" box below.

How Do I?




Faculty How Do I?

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Image source:  "Truth and knowledge" wordle by GDJ is in the public domain

Need help now?

Need help now? Call the numbers below during open hours.

Front Desk: 253.566.6087

Research Desk: 253.566.5134

We are also a part of AskWA, a 24/7 reference chat service:

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Except where otherwise noted, the content in these guides by Tacoma Community College Library is licensed under CC BY SA 4.0.

Tacoma Community College Library - Building 7, 6501 South 19th Street, Tacoma, WA 98466 - P. 253.566.5134