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Faculty/staff guide to Open Educational Resources (OER): OER attributions

This guide is designed to help TCC faculty and staff find, create, evaluate, and incorporate open educational resources for instructional and training purposes.

On this OER attributions page, explore: What an "attribution" is; the basic TAL formula for attribution statements; and online tools to help you create attributions, like the Open Attribution Builder tool.

What are attributions, and how do you create them?

Basic form for the Open Attribution BuilderWhat are attributions?

Citing openly licensed materials, whether they're images or videos or textbooks, is often referred to as "attribution" in the OER world. To "attribute" something, you are giving credit. It's the same idea as "citing" -- just a different term for it. 

Always give credit to OER you use/create by adding attribution statements.

The simplest formula for creating attribution statements is TAL: Title, Author, License.

Here's a sample attribution statement: 

"Difference between open license, public domain and all rights reserved copyright" by Boyoung Chae is licensed under CC BY 4.0.

Here are the parts of that sample attribution statement:

  • Title:  "Difference between open license, public domain and all rights reserved copyright"
  • Author:  Boyoung Chae
  • License:  CC BY 4.0

How to create attributions:

This video answers the questions:

  • How do I properly attribute openly licensed materials created by others?
  • How do I properly attribute myself for creating/revising this course?
  • How do I openly license the entire Canvas course?

Technical notes:

  • This video uses captions.
  • Click the ^ arrow at the bottom of the video to use the table of contents.

Additional videos for how to create attributions in Canvas:

Below are additional, short how-to videos for TCC faculty (part of our "Faculty How Do I?" video tutorial series), with practical examples for how to create attributions in Canvas.

Below are additional links to how to easily create OER attributions with an Open Attribution Builder tool (seen above), as well as best practices for attributions.


Except where otherwise noted, the content in this guide by Tacoma Community College Library is licensed under CC BY SA 4.0. Please see sub-pages for any additional attributions.

CC BY SA license

Except where otherwise noted, the content in these guides by Tacoma Community College Library is licensed under CC BY SA 4.0.
This openly licensed content allows others to cite, share, or modify this content, with credit to TCC Library. When reusing or adapting this content, include this statement in the new document: This content was originally created by Tacoma Community College Library and shared with a CC BY SA 4.0 license.

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