As a community college library, we are NOT a fact-checking service. Through this guide, TCC librarians provide instruction, resources, and tips for our students, and for others to practice their own skills in fact-checking, evaluating sources, and detecting media bias.
Image source: "Truth and knowledge" wordle by GDJ is in the public domain
The word "post-truth" is defined by the Oxford Dictionaries as "relating to or denoting circumstances in which objective facts are less influential in shaping public opinion than appeals to emotion and personal belief."
Fake news websites, as defined in Wikipedia, deliberately publish hoaxes, propaganda, and disinformation purporting to be real news — often using social media to drive web traffic and amplify their effect. Unlike news satire, fake news websites seek to mislead, rather than entertain, readers for financial, political, or other gain. (See the next tab about news satire.)
Also known as: hoax news
video: "Real news vs. Fake news" by University of Louisville University Library. Standard YouTube license applies.
News satire, also called "satirical news," as defined in Wikipedia, is a type of parody presented in a format typical of mainstream journalism, and called satire because of its content.
Example of two well-known satire sites:
As defined by the Urban Dictionary, clickbait is "An eyecatching link on a website which encourages people to read on. It is often paid for by the advertiser ("Paid" click bait) or generates income based on the number of clicks."
Image source: "mouse-cursor-hand-finger-click-1626473" by janjf93 is in the Public Domain, CC0
"Media bias," as defined in Wikipedia, is the bias -- or perceived bias -- of journalists and news producers within the mass media in the selection of events and stories that are reported and how they are covered.
For example, if people describe Fox News as "conservative" or The New York Times as "liberal," they are reflecting this concept of "media bias."
Go to the "How to Check for Facts, Bias, and Fake News" page of this guide and click on the "Sites for Checking... Media Bias" content box on the left column of that page to help you assess, or detect, a specific media publication's bias.
"Confirmation bias" is a type of selective thinking or researching and the tendency to interpret new evidence as confirmation of one's existing beliefs or theories.
As defined in Merriam-Webster, truthiness is "Believing something is true from the gut, or inside. Using life experiences of learnings to make something seem true."
This term has been around awhile. In fact, "truthiness" was Merriam-Webster's "Word of the Year" in 2006!
As defined by the Media Literacy Project, "media literacy" is "the ability to access, analyze, evaluate, and create media. Media literate youth and adults are better able to understand the complex messages we receive from television, radio, Internet, newspapers, magazines, books, billboards, video games, music, and all other forms of media."
Related keywords and concepts: digital literacy, information literacy, information fluency
This guide contains resources and structural organization derived, with permission, from the "How to Evaluate News Sources" LibGuide by Stephanie Debner, Mt. Hood Community College Library. Except where otherwise noted, the content in this guide is licensed under a CC Attribution Share-Alike 4.0 license.
Except where otherwise noted, the content in these guides by Tacoma Community College Library is licensed under CC BY SA 4.0.
This openly licensed content allows others to cite, share, or modify this content, with credit to TCC Library. When reusing or adapting this content, include this statement in the new document: This content was originally created by Tacoma Community College Library and shared with a CC BY SA 4.0 license.
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