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Anti-Asian/Asian American history in the United States: Anti-AAPI history, United States

This is a guide in response to current and past instances of anti-Asian activity in the United States. This guide is a work in progress.

Legislated hate

While Asians, Asian Americans, and Pacific Islanders have been and are currently the targets of "extra-judicial" discrimination, there have been numerous laws, acts, court rulings,... by state or federally, that have targeted AAPI people either directly, or effectively. Below are just a few.

TCC Library books

Books with the call number "online" are electronic and can be accessed from this LibGuide by clicking the (blue) title link.  Books with a standard call number, such as E184.C5W74, are print books and available to check out for three weeks from the library

1854 People vs. Hall

1875 the Page Act

1882 Chinese Exclusion Act

Executive Order 9066 - "Authorizing the Secretary of War to Prescribe Military Areas"

"Alien Land Laws"

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This openly licensed content allows others to cite, share, or modify this content, with credit to TCC Library. When reusing or adapting this content, include this statement in the new document: This content was originally created by Tacoma Community College Library and shared with a CC BY SA 4.0 license.

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